Wednesday, March 1, 2017

Cleanup a postfix mail queue




  1. Do you need to cleanup a postfix mail queue?

    To delete all email from one specific email address, or all email From: a specific domain name, please choose the appropriate command from the following list.

    To delete all email in the queue from a domain run this command as root:

    postqueue -p | tail -n +2 | awk 'BEGIN { RS = "" } /@example\.com/ { print $1 }' | tr -d '*!' | postsuper -d -

    To delete all email in the queue From: a specific email address run this command as root:

    postqueue -p | tail -n +2 | awk 'BEGIN { RS = "" } /username@example\.com/ { print $1 }' | tr -d '*!' | postsuper -d -


    To delete ALL email from the queue regardless of domain name or email address use:


    postsuper -d ALL 


Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Find out the highest cpu consumed threads of java, and print the stack of these threads.

#!/bin/bash
# @Function
# Find out the highest cpu consumed threads of java, and print the stack of these threads.
#
# @Usage
#   $ ./show-busy-java-threads.sh
#
# @author Jerry Lee

readonly PROG=`basename $0`
readonly -a COMMAND_LINE=("$0" "$@")

usage() {
    cat <<EOF
Usage: ${PROG} [OPTION]...
Find out the highest cpu consumed threads of java, and print the stack of these threads.
Example: ${PROG} -c 10

Options:
    -p, --pid       find out the highest cpu consumed threads from the specifed java process,
                    default from all java process.
    -c, --count     set the thread count to show, default is 5
    -h, --help      display this help and exit
EOF
    exit $1
}

readonly ARGS=`getopt -n "$PROG" -a -o c:p:h -l count:,pid:,help -- "$@"`
[ $? -ne 0 ] && usage 1
eval set -- "${ARGS}"

while true; do
    case "$1" in
    -c|--count)
        count="$2"
        shift 2
        ;;
    -p|--pid)
        pid="$2"
        shift 2
        ;;
    -h|--help)
        usage
        ;;
    --)
        shift
        break
        ;;
    esac
done
count=${count:-5}

redEcho() {
    [ -c /dev/stdout ] && {
        # if stdout is console, turn on color output.
        echo -ne "\033[1;31m"
        echo -n "$@"
        echo -e "\033[0m"
    } || echo "$@"
}

yellowEcho() {
    [ -c /dev/stdout ] && {
        # if stdout is console, turn on color output.
        echo -ne "\033[1;33m"
        echo -n "$@"
        echo -e "\033[0m"
    } || echo "$@"
}

blueEcho() {
    [ -c /dev/stdout ] && {
        # if stdout is console, turn on color output.
        echo -ne "\033[1;36m"
        echo -n "$@"
        echo -e "\033[0m"
    } || echo "$@"
}

# Check the existence of jstack command!
if ! which jstack &> /dev/null; then
    [ -z "$JAVA_HOME" ] && {
        redEcho "Error: jstack not found on PATH!"
        exit 1
    }
    ! [ -f "$JAVA_HOME/bin/jstack" ] && {
        redEcho "Error: jstack not found on PATH and $JAVA_HOME/bin/jstack file does NOT exists!"
        exit 1
    }
    ! [ -x "$JAVA_HOME/bin/jstack" ] && {
        redEcho "Error: jstack not found on PATH and $JAVA_HOME/bin/jstack is NOT executalbe!"
        exit 1
    }
    export PATH="$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH"
fi

readonly uuid=`date +%s`_${RANDOM}_$$

cleanupWhenExit() {
    rm /tmp/${uuid}_* &> /dev/null
}
trap "cleanupWhenExit" EXIT

printStackOfThreads() {
    local line
    local count=1
    while IFS=" " read -a line ; do
        local pid=${line[0]}
        local threadId=${line[1]}
        local threadId0x="0x`printf %x ${threadId}`"
        local user=${line[2]}
        local pcpu=${line[4]}

        local jstackFile=/tmp/${uuid}_${pid}

        [ ! -f "${jstackFile}" ] && {
            {
                if [ "${user}" == "${USER}" ]; then
                    jstack ${pid} > ${jstackFile}
                else
                    if [ $UID == 0 ]; then
                        sudo -u ${user} jstack ${pid} > ${jstackFile}
                    else
                        redEcho "[$((count++))] Fail to jstack Busy(${pcpu}%) thread(${threadId}/${threadId0x}) stack of java process(${pid}) under user(${user})."
                        redEcho "User of java process($user) is not current user($USER), need sudo to run again:"
                        yellowEcho "    sudo ${COMMAND_LINE[@]}"
                        echo
                        continue
                    fi
                fi
            } || {
                redEcho "[$((count++))] Fail to jstack Busy(${pcpu}%) thread(${threadId}/${threadId0x}) stack of java process(${pid}) under user(${user})."
                echo
                rm ${jstackFile}
                continue
            }
        }
        blueEcho "[$((count++))] Busy(${pcpu}%) thread(${threadId}/${threadId0x}) stack of java process(${pid}) under user(${user}):"
        sed "/nid=${threadId0x} /,/^$/p" -n ${jstackFile}
    done
}


ps -Leo pid,lwp,user,comm,pcpu --no-headers | {
    [ -z "${pid}" ] &&
    awk '$4=="java"{print $0}' ||
    awk -v "pid=${pid}" '$1==pid,$4=="java"{print $0}'
} | sort -k5 -r -n | head --lines "${count}" | printStackOfThreads